National Institute for Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

Published on AidPage by IDILOGIC on Jun 24, 2005

Administered by:

Purpose of this program:

To conduct research or evaluation in juvenile justice matters, for the purpose of providing research and evaluation relating to the prevention, reduction, and control of juvenile delinquency and serious crime committed by juveniles; the link between juvenile delinquency and the incarceration of members of the families of juveniles; successful efforts to prevent first-time minor offenders from committing subsequent involvement in serious crime; successful efforts to prevent recidivism; the juvenile justice system; juvenile violence; appropriate mental health services for juveniles and youth at risk of participating in delinquent activities; reducing the proportion of juveniles detained or confined in secure detention facilities, secure correctional facilities, jails, and lockups who are members of minority groups; evaluating services, treatment, and aftercare placement of juveniles who were under the care of the State child protection system before their placement in the juvenile justice system; and determining the frequency, seriousness, and incidence of drug use by youth in schools and communities in the States using, if appropriate, data submitted by the States pursuant to this subparagraph and subsection and the frequency, degree of harm, and morbidity of violent incidents, particularly firearm-related injuries and fatalities, by youth in schools and communities in the States. To develop and carry out projects for the purpose of training representatives and personnel of public and private agencies, including practitioners in juvenile justice, law enforcement, courts (including model juvenile and family courts), corrections, schools, and related services, to carry out the purposes specified in section 5602 of this title; and make grants to and contracts with public and private agencies, institutions, and organizations for the purpose of training representatives and personnel of public and private agencies, including practitioners in juvenile justice, law enforcement, courts (including model juvenile and family courts), corrections, schools, and related services, to carry out the purposes specified in section 5602 of this title. To develop and implement projects for the purpose of providing technical assistance to representatives and personnel of public and private agencies and organizations, including practitioners in juvenile justice, law enforcement, courts (including model juvenile and family courts), corrections, schools, and related services, in the establishment, implementation, and operation of programs, projects, and activities for which financial assistance is provided under this title; and make grants to and contracts with public and private agencies, institutions, and organization, for the purpose of providing technical assistance to representatives and personnel of public and private agencies, including practitioners in juvenile justice, law enforcement, courts (including model juvenile and family courts), corrections, schools, and related services, in the establishment, implementation, and operation of programs, projects, and activities for which financial assistance is provided under this title.

Possible uses and use restrictions...

It is the purpose of OJJDP to provide a coordinating center for the collection, preparation and dissemination of useful data regarding the prevention, treatment and control of juvenile delinquency and child exploitation; to provide training for human services professionals, judges, paraprofessionals, prosecutors, juvenile corrections and detention personnel, volunteers, law enforcement personnel where activities relate to juvenile delinquency prevention and treatment programs and improvement of the juvenile justice system; to promote leadership development in the field of juvenile justice; to promote dissemination of information about new technologies and training methods, to stimulate and support training in the fields of juvenile justice; and the human services networks which support the juvenile justice system; and to support development of standards for the administration of juvenile justice. The funds are also used to conduct research, program development and evaluation into any aspect of juvenile delinquency, missing and exploited children; to review standards of juvenile detention and correctional facilities; to strengthen and maintain the family unit; to improve our understanding of the development of pro-social and anti-social behavior patterns; to report the number and characteristics of juveniles taken into custody; to collect, process and report on the data from the Nation's juvenile justice systems; to research and identify early court interventions, delays in sanctions and effective juvenile offender prevention and treatment programs; and to study waivers and transfers to adult courts and conduct research to increase knowledge of how violent youth gangs contribute to serious, violent, and chronic juvenile crime.

Who is eligible to apply...

Public or private agencies, organizations, or individuals.

Eligible Applicant Categories:
Eligible Functional Categories:

Costs will be determined in accordance with OMB Circular No. A-87 for State and local governments.

Note:This is a brief description of the credentials or documentation required prior to, or along with, an application for assistance.

About this section:

This section indicates who can apply to the Federal government for assistance and the criteria the potential applicant must satisfy. For example, individuals may be eligible for research grants, and the criteria to be satisfied may be that they have a professional or scientific degree, 3 years of research experience, and be a citizen of the United States. Universities, medical schools, hospitals, or State and local governments may also be eligible. Where State governments are eligible, the type of State agency will be indicated (State welfare agency or State agency on aging) and the criteria that they must satisfy.

Certain federal programs (e.g., the Pell Grant program which provides grants to students) involve intermediate levels of application processing, i.e., applications are transmitted through colleges or universities that are neither the direct applicant nor the ultimate beneficiary. For these programs, the criteria that the intermediaries must satisfy are also indicated, along with intermediaries who are not eligible.

How to apply...

Application Procedure:

This program is subject to the provisions of OMB Circular No. A- 110 and the Common Rule.

Note: Each program will indicate whether applications are to be submitted to the Federal headquarters, regional or local office, or to a State or local government office.

Award Procedure:

Award package is sent to grantee.

Note: Grant payments may be made by a letter of credit, advance by Treasury check, or reimbursement by Treasury check. Awards may be made by the headquarters office directly to the applicant, an agency field office, a regional office, or by an authorized county office. The assistance may pass through the initial applicant for further distribution by intermediate level applicants to groups or individuals in the private sector.

Deadlines and process...


As scheduled in annual program plan or as set forth in program announcements.

Note: When available, this section indicates the deadlines for applications to the funding agency which will be stated in terms of the date(s) or between what dates the application should be received. When not available, applicants should contact the funding agency for deadline information.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

From 1 to 6 months.

Preapplication Coordination

Standard application forms, in accordance with 28 CFR Part 66 (Common Rule), as required by OMB Circular No. A-102 must be used for this program. This program is excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372.

Note: This section indicates whether any prior coordination or approval is required with governmental or nongovernmental units prior to the submission of a formal application to the federal funding agency.


28 CFR Part 18.

Note: In some cases, there are no provisions for appeal. Where applicable, this section discusses appeal procedures or allowable rework time for resubmission of applications to be processed by the funding agency. Appeal procedures vary with individual programs and are either listed in this section or applicants are referred to appeal procedures documented in the relevant Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).


Supplemental grants.

Note: In some instances, renewal procedures may be the same as for the application procedure, e.g., for projects of a non-continuing nature renewals will be treated as new, competing applications; for projects of an ongoing nature, renewals may be given annually.

Who can benefit...

Public or private agencies, organizations, or individuals.

About this section:

This section lists the ultimate beneficiaries of a program, the criteria they must satisfy and who specifically is not eligible. The applicant and beneficiary will generally be the same for programs that provide assistance directly from a Federal agency. However, financial assistance that passes through State or local governments will have different applicants and beneficiaries since the assistance is transmitted to private sector beneficiaries who are not obligated to request or apply for the assistance.

What types of assistance...

Project Grants

The funding, for fixed or known periods, of specific projects. Project grants can include fellowships, scholarships, research grants, training grants, traineeships, experimental and demonstration grants, evaluation grants, planning grants, technical assistance grants, survey grants, and construction grants.

How much financial aid...

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

In amounts consistent with the Institute's plans, priorities, and levels of financing.

Note: This section lists the representative range (smallest to largest) of the amount of financial assistance available. These figures are based upon funds awarded in the past fiscal year and the current fiscal year to date. Also indicated is an approximate average amount of awards which were made in the past and current fiscal years.


(Grants) FY 03 $47,564,266; FY 04 est $4,733,000; and FY 05 est $4,801,000.

Note: The dollar amounts listed in this section represent obligations for the past fiscal year (PY), estimates for the current fiscal year (CY), and estimates for the budget fiscal year (BY) as reported by the Federal agencies. Obligations for non-financial assistance programs indicate the administrative expenses involved in the operation of a program.

Account Identification


Note: Note: This 11-digit budget account identification code represents the account which funds a particular program. This code should be consistent with the code given for the program area as specified in Appendix III of the Budget of the United States Government.

Examples of funded projects...

During fiscal year 2003, the National Institute funded programs addressing the Program of Research on the Causes and Correlates of Delinquency; Juvenile Justice Statistics and Systems Development Program; Evaluation of the Juvenile Mentoring Program; Evaluation of the Enforcement of Underage Drinking Laws Program; National Youth Gang Center; Juvenile Justice Evaluation Center; Performance-Based Standards for Juvenile Detention and Corrections; Project to Design and Test Clinical Intervention for Substance Abusing Juvenile Offenders in Detention; National Juvenile Court Data Archive; Assessing ADM Disorders Among Juvenile Detainees; Evaluation of Department of Labor's Education and Training of Youthful Offenders Initiative; Crimes Against Children Research Center; Understanding and Monitoring the "Whys" Behind Juvenile Crime Trends; Hate Crimes Involving Juveniles as Victims and Offenders; National Evaluation of Free to Grow; National Evaluation of the Safe Schools/Healthy Students Initiative; Juvenile Justice Resource Center; Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse; The Utility of Mental Health Assessments Incarcerated Youth; Screening and Assessment: Instruments and Model; OJJDP National Training and Technical Assistance Center, Juvenile and Family Court Training, Balanced and Restorative Justice, Intensive Community-Based Juvenile Aftercare, National Juvenile Defender Center, Law Related Education, Training and Technical Assistance for National Innovations to Reduce Disproportionate Minority Confinement, Juvenile Corrections and Detention Personnel Technical Assistance and Training, Juvenile Justice Training for State and Local Law Enforcement Personnel, National Youth Courts, and the School Safety Training and Technical Assistance Program.

About this section

This section indicates the different types of projects which have been funded in the past. Only projects funded under Project Grants or Direct Payments for Specified Use should be listed here. The examples give potential applicants an idea of the types of projects that may be accepted for funding. The agency should list at least five examples of the most recently funded projects.

Program accomplishments...

During fiscal year 2003, the National Institute funded grants and supported a variety of activities. It provided valuable printed and electronic reports, bulletins and fact sheets from a variety of program areas. OJJDP produced approximately 50 publications and responded to over 50,000 telephone, fax and email requests through the Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse. In addition, training has been provided to juvenile justice and youth serving agency personnel, including: lawyers, judges, law enforcement executives; juvenile court, detention, and correctional administrators; probation officers; teachers; students; and practitioners. These training programs dealt with a range of juvenile justice topics, including: Female Offenders, Native American Juvenile Services, State Legislation Affecting Juvenile Codes, Family Strengthening, Conflict Resolution, Child Centered Community-Oriented Policing, civic and character education strengthening programs, knowledge and skills development for youth services workers in community-based settings, juvenile corrections administrators, prosecutors, and line supervisors, law enforcement and juvenile and family court personnel handling juvenile offenders as well as abused and neglected children in need of permanent placements. Technical Assistance also supported juvenile justice system development through telecommunications assistance and coordination of all training and technical assistance programs through a National Training and Technical Assistance Center.

Criteria for selecting proposals...

Applications are judged according to their consistency with the policies and program priorities established by the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act. Specific criteria are applied that are related to the particular program areas under which projects are funded. The criteria are incorporated in the individual program announcements. Applications undergo a competitive peer review process as outlined in the OJJDP Competition and Peer Review Policy, 28 CFR Part 34.

Assistance considerations...

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Varies; generally 1 to 3 years. Drawdowns may be made.

Formula and Matching Requirements

No match required.

A formula may be based on population, per capita income, and other statistical factors. Applicants are informed whether there are any matching requirements to be met when participating in the cost of a project. In general, the matching share represents that portion of the project costs not borne by the Federal government. Attachment F of OMB Circular No. A-102 (Office of Management and Budget) sets forth the criteria and procedures for the evaluation of matching share requirements which may be cash or in-kind contributions made by State and local governments or other agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals to satisfy matching requirements of Federal grants or loans.

Cash contributions represent the grantees' cash outlay, including the outlay of money contributed to the grantee by other public agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals. When authorized by Federal regulation, Federal funds received from other grants may be considered as the grantees' cash contribution.

In-kind contributions represent the value of noncash contributions provided by the grantee, other public agencies and institutions, private organizations or individuals. In-kind contributions may consist of charges for real property and equipment, and value of goods and services directly benefiting and specifically identifiable to the grant program. When authorized by Federal legislation, property purchased with Federal funds may be considered as grantees' in-kind contribution.

Maintenance of effort (MOE) is a requirement contained in certain legislation, regulations, or administrative policies stating that a grantee must maintain a specified level of financial effort in a specific area in order to receive Federal grant funds, and that the Federal grant funds may be used only to supplement, not supplant, the level of grantee funds.

Post assistance requirements...


Financial and subgrant data reported on a monthly, quarterly, and annual basis, as required by the OJP Financial Guide applicable edition.

Note: This section indicates whether program reports, expenditure reports, cash reports or performance monitoring are required by the Federal funding agency, and specifies at what time intervals (monthly, annually, etc.) this must be accomplished.


In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A- 133 (Revised, June 24, 1997), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organization," nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $300,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $300,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133.

Note: This section discusses audits required by the Federal agency. The procedures and requirements for State and local governments and nonprofit entities are set forth in OMB Circular No. A-133. These requirements pertain to awards made within the respective State's fiscal year - not the Federal fiscal year, as some State and local governments may use the calendar year or other variation of time span designated as the fiscal year period, rather than that commonly known as the Federal fiscal year (from October 1st through September 30th).


Grantee must keep complete records on disposition of funds.

Note: This section indicates the record retention requirements and the type of records the Federal agency may require. Not included are the normally imposed requirements of the General Accounting Office. For programs falling under the purview of OMB Circular No. A-102, record retention is set forth in Attachment C. For other programs, record retention is governed by the funding agency's requirements.



Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, Section 241-248, as amended; Public Laws 93-415, 95-503, 95-115, 96-509, 98-473, 100-690, and 102-586, 42 U.S.C. 5601 et seq.

Note: This section lists the legal authority upon which a program is based (acts, amendments to acts, Public Law numbers, titles, sections, Statute Codes, citations to the U.S. Code, Executive Orders, Presidential Reorganization Plans, and Memoranda from an agency head).

Regulations, Guidelines, And Literature

Office of Justice Programs (OJP) Financial Guide; Federal Register publications.

Contact information...

Web Sites
Regional Or Local Office


Note: This section lists the agency contact person, address and telephone number of the Federal Regional or Local Office(s) to be contacted for detailed information regarding a program such as: (1) current availability of funds and the likelihood of receiving assistance within a given period; (2) pre-application and application forms required; (3) whether a pre-application conference is recommended; (4) assistance available in preparation of applications; (5) whether funding decisions are made at the headquarters, regional or local level; (6) application renewal procedures (including continuations and supplementals) or appeal procedures for rejected applications; and (7) recently published program guidelines and material. However, for most federal programs, this section will instruct the reader to consult the so-called Appendix IV of the Catalog due to the large volume of Regional and Local Office Contacts for most agencies. This information is provided in Additional Contact Information (see below).

Headquarters Office

Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, National Institute for Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Washington, DC 20531. Contact: Demonstration Division. Telephone: (202) 307-5940.

Note: This section lists names and addresses of the office at the headquarters level with direct operational responsibility for managing a program. A telephone number is provided in cases where a Regional or Local Office is not normally able to answer detailed inquiries concerning a program. Also listed are the name(s) and telephone number(s) of the information contact person(s) who can provide additional program information to applicants.

Additional Contact Information (Appendix IV)

Due to the large volume of regional and local office contacts for most agencies, full contact information is also provided separately here in a PDF format: